With roots in mining dating back to 1886 when gold was discovered, Johannesburg exploded from a dusty, crowded mining camp into the modern economic hub of South Africa. Joburg attraced hopefuls from other parts of Africa. Today, it is not uncommon to hear French, Portuguese, Swahili and countless other languages in addition to the 11 official languages of South Africa.
Activities and sightseeing in the area
Provocative film footage, photographs, text panel and artefacts tell the stories of apartheid.
Gold Reef City offers underground mine tours and gold pouring exhibitions.
Cradle of Humandkind at the Sterkfontein Caves
Fossil remains of Homo Habilis, or Handy Man, were found at the Sterkfontein Caves. His tools are the earliest indication of human culture.